As online business becomes more prevalent in this globalized economy and interconnected world, one main concern for businesses and government entities is cyber security. One of the main concerns concerning cyber security is hackers breaking into websites and online properties without authorization and stealing valuable information that can cause serious harm to individuals and even nations.
One common hacking method is SQL injection. This method involves entering SQL code into web or browser forms to access and manipulate the database behind the site or system, which is typically SQL. SQL works by entering text into a field which then checks the data with a table in the database to see if it matches. If the text matches the table data, then access is granted to the system. Otherwise, access is denied. This type of attack works when system security is not robust and doesn’t protect against simple SQL code that can be used to access the system.
Another common hacking method is the denial of service attack, which causes a system to be rendered inoperable due to the system being slowed down from overloaded resources. This has the objective of crippling a website so that no one can use it.
Another hacking method is cross-site scripting, which threatens a site’s security and can take access information from a user to the website. Cross-site scripting is a security loophole on a website that is hard to detect and stop, which makes the site vulnerable to attacks from hackers. This is especially a high risk because it leaves the site’s users open to identity and financial theft.
The first step against cyber attacks is conducting a cyber self-assessment that identifies potential risks and vulnerabilities. Some of these risks can be identified by examining who has access to the system and how sensitive data is transferred, such as through email or messaging systems. The next step is to prepare and plan for these risks and vulnerabilities. This documents the protocol to implement when something goes wrong. The last step is to have procedures that actively monitor these cyber risks. One of the best defenses against these risks is vigilance and extreme effort.
One way to protect against cyber threats is through encryption. This makes it difficult for hackers to steal data. Also within your system, you can name your system files random names so it is harder for intruders to identify what they are. Another way to protect your site is to constantly test for vulnerabilities and think like a hacker to anticipate how they can attack your system. This will allow you to develop countermeasures against these threats. Most importantly, vigilance is crucial, even for simple tasks such as regularly changing passwords and keeping them secure and unpredictable. It is important to constantly update your site and programs within the site to keep it secure against evolving threats.